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Basically, there are two ways of using pkgsrc. The first is to only install the package tools and to use binary packages that someone else has prepared. Then you are able to build your own packages, and you can still use binary packages from someone else. These binary packages have been built using the default settings for the directories, that is:.
To install binary packages, you first need to know from where to get them. This directory contains binary packages for multiple platforms. First, select your operating system. Ignore the directories with version numbers attached to it, they just exist for legacy reasons.
In this directory, you often find a file called bootstrap. If the file is missing, it is likely that your operating system already provides those tools. Note that any prerequisite packages needed to run the package in question will be installed, too, assuming they are present where you install from. Adding packages might install vulnerable packages.
To deinstall a package, it does not matter whether it was installed from source code or from a binary package. The package name can be given with or without version number.
The -r option is very powerful: The NetBSD Security-Officer and Packages Groups maintain a list of known security vulnerabilities to packages which are or have been included in pkgsrc. There are two components to auditing. If a package is vulnerable, you will see output similar to the following:.
You may wish to have the vulnerabilities file downloaded daily so that it remains current. This may be done by adding an appropriate entry to the root users crontab 5 entry. For example the entry. The result of the audit are then emailed to root. You can then use make update to update the package on your system and rebuild any dependencies. After obtaining pkgsrc, the pkgsrc directory now contains a set of packages, organized into categories. The rest of this chapter assumes that the package is already in pkgsrc.
To build packages from source, you need a working C compiler. The first step for building a package is downloading the distfiles i. If they have not yet been downloaded, pkgsrc will fetch them automatically. If you have all files that you need in the distfiles directory, you don't need to connect. By default a list of distribution sites will be randomly intermixed to prevent huge load on servers which holding popular packages for example, SourceForge.
Thus, every time when you need to fetch yet another distfile all the mirrors will be tried in new random order. You can overwrite some of the major distribution sites to fit to sites that are close to your own.
By setting one or two variables you can modify the order in which the master sites are accessed. This may save some of your bandwidth and time. You can change these settings either in your shell's environment, or, if you want to keep the settings, by editing the mk. To ensure you have all the source downloaded initially you can run the command:. You can also choose to download the files manually. Once the software has downloaded, any patches will be applied, then it will be compiled for you.
This may take some time depending on your computer, and how many other packages the software depends on and their compile time. The next stage is to actually install the newly compiled program onto your system.
Do this by entering:. Installing the package on your system may require you to be root. However, pkgsrc has a just-in-time-su feature, which allows you to only become root for the actual installation step.
If other packages were also added to your system dependencies to allow your program to compile, you can tidy these up also with the command:. Please note that you should use a directory which is dedicated to packages and not shared with other programs i. This is to prevent possible conflicts between programs and other files installed by the package system and whatever else may have been installed there.
Some packages look in mk. This may be for debugging purposes, or out of simple curiosity. A number of utility values have been added to help with this. If you want to know the value of a certain make 1 definition, then the VARNAME definition should be used, in conjunction with the show-var target. A final word of warning: If you set up a system that has a non-standard setting for LOCALBASE , be sure to set that before any packages are installed, as you cannot use several directories for the same purpose.
Doing so will result in pkgsrc not being able to properly detect your installed packages, and fail miserably. Table of Contents 4. Using binary packages 4. Finding binary packages 4. Installing binary packages 4.
Getting information about installed packages 4. Checking for security vulnerabilities in installed packages 4. Finding if newer versions of your installed packages are in pkgsrc 4. Other administrative functions 4. Building packages from source 4. How to build and install. Getting information about installed packages.
Checking for security vulnerabilities in installed packages. Finding if newer versions of your installed packages are in pkgsrc. Building packages from source.